Middle Bronze Age (2000-1700bce)


Alphabet developments in Eastern Mediterranean, especially Hittite use of cuneiform, changes in Egypt and the development of a true alphabet among Semites.

In Egypt novel-like literature develops (Story of Sinhue).

Pyramids and mummification in Egypt.

Decorative pottery as well as functional shapes.

Early law codes.


Marduk adopted as god of Babylon.

Stonehenge in use in Britain.

Egyptian Book of the Dead.


Geometry developed in Babylon, Egyptians form accurate right angles with knotted string.

Recording of medical practices in Egypt and Mesopotamia.

Horses used to pull vehicles, chariots used for war.

Clay tablets in W.Asia, papyrus in Egypt.