As the only high land on the Mediterranean coastline of Palestine the Carmel ridge gets higher than average rainfall and so is particularly fertile (Isaiah 33:9; Jer 50:19 cf. Na 1:4).
Nabal was rich and held land there (1 Samuel 25:2); Elijah's contest with the prophets of Baal - which concerned provision of rain - occurred here (1 Kings 18:19ff.)
Left from Carmel north-east, below Carmel ridge from south.
This fertility is the point of the reference to "Carmel's crest" in Am 1:2, while in 9:3, where the phrase parallels the "sea bed" and follows talk of the sky, it is the steep height of the ridge that is in view.
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© Tim Bulkeley, 1996-2005, Tim Bulkeley. All rights reserved.