Laws for Everyday Life
- The Lord said:
- 1 If you steal an ox and slaughter
or sell it, you must replace it with five oxen; if you steal
a sheep and slaughter it or sell it, you must replace it with
four sheep. 2 But if you cannot afford to replace
the animals, you must be sold as a slave to pay for what you
have stolen. If you steal an ox, donkey, or sheep, and are caught
with it still alive, you must pay the owner double.
If you happen to kill a burglar
who breaks into your home after dark, you are not guilty. But
if you kill someone who breaks in during the day, you are guilty
5 If you allow any of your animals
to stray from your property and graze in someone elses
field or vineyard, you must repay the damage from the best part
of your own harvest of grapes and grain.
6 If you carelessly let a fire
spread from your property to someone elses, you must pay
the owner for any crops or fields destroyed by the fire.
7 Suppose a neighbor asks you
to keep some silver or other valuables, and they are stolen from
your house. If the thief is caught, the thief must repay double.
8 But if the thief isnt caught, some judges will decide
if you are the guilty one.
9 Suppose two people claim to
own the same ox or donkey or sheep or piece of clothing. Then
the judges must decide the case, and the guilty person will pay
the owner double.
10 Suppose a neighbor who is going
to be away asks you to keep a donkey or an ox or a sheep or some
other animal, and it dies or gets injured or is stolen while
no one is looking. 11 If you swear with me as your witness that
you did not harm the animal, you do not have to replace it. Your
word is enough. 12 But if the animal was stolen
while in your care, you must replace it. 13 If the animal was
attacked and killed by a wild animal, and you can show the remains
of the dead animal to its owner, you do not have to replace it.
14 Suppose you borrow an animal
from a neighbor, and it gets injured or dies while the neighbor
isnt around. Then you must replace it. 15
But if something happens to the animal while the owner is present,
you do not have to replace it. If you had leased the animal,
the money you paid the owner will cover any harm done to it.
- The Lord said:
- 16 Suppose a young woman has
never been married and isnt engaged. If a man talks her
into having sex, he must pay the bride price and marry her. 17
But if her father refuses to let her marry the man, the bride
price must still be paid.
18 Death is the punishment for witchcraft.
19 Death is the punishment for having
sex with an animal.
20 Death is the punishment for offering
sacrifices to any god except me.
21 Do not mistreat or abuse foreigners
who live among you. Remember, you were foreigners in Egypt.
22 Do not mistreat widows or orphans.
23 If you do, they will beg for my help, and I will come to their
rescue. 24 In fact, I will get so angry that I will kill your
men and make widows of their wives and orphans of their children.
25 Dont charge
interest when you lend money to any of my people who are in need.
26 Before sunset you must return any coat taken as security for
a loan, 27 because that is the only cover the poor have when
they sleep at night. I am a merciful God, and when they call
out to me, I will come to help them.
28 Dont speak evil of me or of
the ruler of your people.
29 Dont fail to give me the offerings
of grain and wine that belong to me.
Dedicate to me your first-born sons 30 and the first-born of
your cattle and sheep. Let the animals stay with their mothers
for seven days, then on the eighth day give them to me, your
31 You are my chosen people, so dont
eat the meat of any of your livestock that was killed by a wild
animal. Instead, feed the meat to dogs.
The Contemporary English Version c1995 by the American
Selected texts provided for use with the Hypertext Bible Commentary